New Delhi is world's most polluted capital, Beijing eighth

Gwen Vasquez
March 5, 2019

Air pollution, both outside and inside homes, is a silent and prolific killer responsible behind the premature death of seven million people each year, including 6,00,000 children, says David Boyd, a United Nations expert on environment and human rights.

Twenty-two of the world's 30 worst cities for air pollution are in India, according to a new report, with Delhi again ranked the world's most polluted capital.

2018's World Air Quality Report was based on data gathered from over 3,000 cities around the globe.

Seven Indian cities that rank in the top 10 list of most polluted cities in the world includes Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Bhiwadi, Noida, Patna, Lucknow and Delhi. The topper of the list and the victor of the "most polluted city" tag was Gurugram (or Gurgaon), which lies in the NCR region of the country.

When ranked by country, Bangladesh emerged as the most polluted followed by Pakistan and India respectively.

Gurgaon which is located in India's capital New Delhi, is the most polluted city in the world, according to data released by IQ Air Visual and Greenpeace.

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Of the cities analysed, 64% exceeded the WHO's annual exposure guideline (10g/m3) for fine particulate matter, also known as PM2.5.

The report said, "The city ranking shows Asian locations dominating the highest 100 average PM2.5 levels during 2018, with cities in India, China, Pakistan and Bangladesh occupying the top 50 cities".

Productivity losses from pollution covers almost 8.5% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in India, as per the World Bank analysis.

"This [air pollution] has enormous impacts, on our health and on our wallets", said Executive Director of Greenpeace Southeast Asia Yeb Sano in a statement.

'In addition to human lives lost, there's an estimated global cost of $225billion in lost labour, and trillions in medical costs'.

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