Magnetic north is moving quickly causing compasses to show misleading directions

Gwen Vasquez
February 6, 2019

Earth's magnetic north pole has been drifting so much in recent years that scientific estimates are no longer accurate for navigation, prompting the National Centers for Environmental Information to publish updated information almost a year early.

This, however, is just a theory, but all we have to say is please don't take our Google Maps away from us.

'It has changes akin to weather, Mr Lathrop said.

The New York Times reports that in the middle of the 19-century, the magnetic north pole was father south in Canada.

A more serious possible effect of the "tug of war" between magnetic field patches in northern Canada and Siberia, which some scientists say is causing the accelerated movement of the magnetic north pole, is its potential to weaken the magnetic shield sparing earth from deadly solar and cosmic radiation.

The magnetic north pole is drifting about 34 miles a year.

Earth's magnetic North Pole has been wildly shifting towards Russian Federation so quickly that scientists have been forced to publish an update on its actual location a year early. It crossed the global date and departs from the Canadian Arctic on the road to Siberia. The most recent update wasn't due until the end of this year, but unplanned variations in the Arctic region have spurred authorities to push for a new update sooner than planned. On Monday, an update of where true north was released nearly a year ahead of schedule.

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But the agency explained that the "out-of-cycle update. will ensure safe navigation for military applications, commercial airlines, search and rescue operations, and others operating around the North Pole". GPS, however, will not be affected as it is satellite based.

Meanwhile, smartphones and other electronic devices rely on the WMM to provide consumers with accurate maps, compasses, and Global Positioning System services. The Fairbanks airport renamed runway 1L-19R to 2L-20R in 2009.

Also, migratory animals such as birds, butterflies, and whales use the magnetic field for directions.

The entire transportation sector, especially aviation and shipping, depends on correctly knowing the position of magnetic north to chart out their navigation paths. The individual lines in red and blue show the magnetic field lines of Earth. The movement of liquid iron and other metals in the outer core of the Earth is known to influence the magnetic field, but this movement is chaotic and turbulent.

"The dynamo of Earth's core creates a magnetic field that is slightly tilted from the planet's rotational axis".

The magnetic north pole, or south pole, does not coincide with the geographical north or south pole. The magnetic north pole is the point that compasses point to as north and is important to all sorts of navigation technologies.

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