Nations overcome last-minute divisions to forge climate deal

Gwen Vasquez
December 18, 2018

And so the USA was represented in the Poland talks and, at one point, made a presentation on the benefits of fossil fuels. All nations showed their commitment.

"Polish Presidency informs that a preliminary version of the package implementing the Paris Agreement has been worked out".

"If we don't do that, we will not survive", said former Maldives president Mohamed Nasheed.

New Zealand is helping run the COP24 meeting in Katowice.

"It is a weak rule book that we have for implementation of the Paris Agreement".

The Paris climate deal, created within the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, went into force on November 4, 2016.

United Nations negotiations aimed at preventing runaway global warming remain deadlocked less than 24 hours before the 12-day talks are set to end, China's top climate diplomat said Thursday. "From now on my five priorities will be: Ambition, ambition, ambition, ambition, ambition", he said in a message read out by United Nations climate chief Patricia Espinosa.

It sets out how countries will provide information about their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) that describe their domestic climate actions. The COP is the formal process under which the Paris accord was negotiated; the Secretary-General's summit scheduled for September is a political gathering that aims to increase leaders' commitment to address climate change as an urgent global challenge.

The 2015 Paris Agreement was a landmark moment in worldwide diplomacy, bringing together governments with vastly different views to tackle the common threat of global warming.

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Washington wants countries to contribute to the climate fight based on their current emissions levels, rather than their historic pollution, meaning the U.S. would be less bound to help developing nations green their economies.

Xie sidestepped a question on whether China would support a coalition of small island and least-developed states calling on all nations to raise their carbon cutting ambitions before 2020.

Functioning together, these systems will ensure that nations can act in an atmosphere of trust and assess progress of their climate actions.

Till Saturday afternoon, disagreements had remained over issues related to finance, where a provision seeking to classify loans as climate finance has angered the developing countries.

Earlier, the talks became deadlocked over the monitoring of carbon credits to reduce emissions, in negotiations which have already overrun.

This has repeatedly delayed the closing plenary, when sparks could fly if there are issues still stoking opposition.

That can occur when one country takes actions to curb emissions - reforestation, for example - in another country and then both nations claim the credit as part of their pledges under the Paris Agreement.

The head of the Maldives delegation to the United Nations climate conference questioned on Thursday the point of the yearly summits, saying they are failing to produce meaningful results.

The Malaysian delegation called for more money to flow from countries like the USA - the world's largest economy and the second largest polluter - to help pay for damage caused by climate change, saying, "We owe this to the poor and vulnerable who are paying sometimes with their lives in our part of the world".

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