Har Gobind Khorana, the man who decoded our DNA

Isaac Cain
January 11, 2018

The internet search engine and technology giant Google marks Noble prize victor Indian American scientist Har Gobind Khorana's 96th birth anniversary with a sketch doodle.

Born in a small village in Raipur, Dr. Khorana's father taught him how to read and write.

Dr. Khorana was born in 1922 as the youngest of five children. Khorana received academic scholarship who helped him to walk on the way towards organic chemistry in 1948.

The award was to commemorate the discovery of order followed by nucleotides in DNA. This amino acid takes the shape of the protein that tells the code in our genes into every physical element. "His accomplishments didn't stop there". Just a few years after winning the Nobel Prize, Dr. Khorana constructed the first synthetic gene. "He received a host of awards during his lifetime, including the National Medal of Science". He announced in 1976 that he was able to make an artificial gene function within a bacterial cell.

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Khorana's work uncovered how a DNA's genetic code determines protein synthesis - which dictates how a cell functions. Although Khorana's exact date of birth is not known, the Nobel Prize website lists it as January 9, 1922. He, being a widower since 2001, was survived by his children, Julia and Davel. According to Al-Jazeera, "Khorana died on November 9, 2011".

Khorana lived in many countries throughout his life. He completed his Bachelor's degree in 1943, and his Master's from Punjab University in Lahore in 1945. In 1945, a fellowship from the government of India gave him the opportunity to study overseas.

The University of Wisconsin-Madison, the Government of India (Dept of Biotechnology) and the Indo-US Science and Technology Forum jointly created the Khorana programme in 2007.

-He then went to the Swiss city of Zurich to work with Professor Vladimir Prelog for one year.

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