Share Nobel Prize in Medicine

Faith Castro
October 4, 2017

The Nobel Prize for Medicine for 2017 is given to three Americans - Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rossbach and Michael Jung for their molecular studies that control circadian systems, reports WebCafe.

The statement further read, "We now recognize that biological clocks function by the same principles in cells of other multicellular organisms, including humans".

United States scientists Barry Barish, Kip Thorne and Rainer Weiss have been awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves, the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm said Monday.

In the 1970s, a pair of researchers questioned whether the gene that controls fruit flies' circadian rhythms could be identified, naming this unknown gene "period". Jeffrey Hall of the University of ME and Michael Young of Rockefeller University in NY joined Rosbash in receiving the prize.

Professors Hall and Rosbash are researchers at Brandeis University and Professor Young comes from The Rockefeller University.

All life on Earth has evolved on a planet that spins on its axis once every 24 hours.

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"PER" protein was found to accumulate in the cell during the night but degraded during the day.

The scientists were honored for "their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm". He joined the faculty at Brandeis University in Waltham, MA, in 1974.

According to Michael Rosbash, the news of he and his fellows receiving the Nobel Prize, worth 9 million Swedish crowns ($1.1 million) was quite over-whelming. The pair highlighted how mutations in an unknown gene disrupted the circadian clock of flies, naming the gene "period".

Young discovered genes that encode other proteins involved in the circadian rhythm.

The inner clock adapts our physiology to the different phases of the day, and a mismatch between our external environment and our body clock can affect our wellbeing - think jet lag. "He represents the best of our science community, which combines original, rigorous research with the engagement of undergraduate and graduate students, doctoral candidates and postdocs, all interacting in what is sometimes a magical collaboration".

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