Peru says expelling North Korean ambassador over nuclear program

Faith Castro
September 13, 2017

UN Security Council on Tuesday unanimously voted to step up sanctions on North Korea, with its profitable textile exports now banned and fuel supplies capped, prompting traditionally defiant threat of retaliation against the U.S.

She presented a lengthy list of UN Security Council resolutions being flaunted, adding, despite the efforts of the past 24 years, Pyongyang's nuclear missile program was more unsafe than ever before.

North Korea has made rapid progress in its nuclear and missile programmes despite multiple sets of United Nations sanctions, and Go Myong-Hyun at the Asan Institute of Policy Studies said the latest measures were "not enough to cause pain".

"Hostile sanctions are like a delusion tantamount to expecting foolishly that the ocean would dry up", one official told CNN, emphasizing the government has not yet released an official reaction.

The UN wants to push Pyongyang to negotiate on its nuclear weapons programmes and conventional.

It fell short of the original USA demand for banning travel by North Korean ruler Kim Jong Un and freezing his assets. The council also froze the assets of three additional entities: the Central Military Commission, the powerful Organization and Guidance Department that directs key personnel appointments and the Propaganda and Agitation Department, which oversees the North's media and its censorship.

North Korea has little oil of its own, relying on imports to keep its citizens and soldiers moving.

Kim Hyun-Wook, professor at the Korea National Diplomatic Academy, warned there are "no means to check how much crude oil is delivered through the pipeline" between China and North Korea.

But time is running out as North Korea speeds up work on its nuclear program.

"Having launched a series of advanced ballistic missiles, the DPRK shook the planet with its awful nuclear tests again. If it proves it can live in peace, the world will live in peace with it", she told the UN Security Council after the council adopted the new sanctions.

Some Russian companies, however, continue to conduct trade with North Korea.

North Korea's top envoy to a leading United Nations disarmament body said Tuesday his country "categorically" rejects the new sanctions.

Peru says expelling North Korean ambassador over nuclear program

According to Chinese customs data, North Korea imports almost 2.2 million barrels a year in petroleum products, but some US officials believe the true number is much higher: about 4.5 million barrels.

United States representative Nikki Haley said the resolution hit Pyongyang's ability to fuel and fund its nuclear programme, and would reduce by nearly half its supply of gas, diesel and heavy fuel oil.

The resolution bars countries from issuing new permits to the roughly 93,000 North Korean labourers working overseas.

"This resolution reduces about 30% of oil provided to North Korea by cutting off over 55% of refined petroleum products going to North Korea", it read.

"We don't take pleasure in further strengthening sanctions today", said Haley.

Ambassador Han Tae Song also lashed out at the United States during a plenary session of the U.N.'s Conference on Disarmament, saying North Korea denounces Washington's "evil intention" and would "make sure the USA pays a due price".

"The difference here is we have wide-ranging United Nations sanctions that go beyond what we had on Iran", he said.

Their document also denounces a random application of the sanctions and specifies that Pyongyang is a past master in the art of using third countries to transport its cargoes or to enter into financial transactions.

MCEVERS: Though she calls the resolution the toughest to date, the sanctions are not as stringent as the Trump administration had initially proposed.

China's UN Ambassador Liu Jieyi called on North Korea to "take seriously the expectations and will of the global community" to halt its nuclear and ballistic missile development, and called on all parties to remain "cool-headed" and not stoke tensions.

A ban on textiles will not only impact factory workers but also their families who are supported by work in textiles factories, said Green.

"This is a compromise in order to get everybody on board", French U.N. Ambassador Francois Delattre said of the draft.

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