TOTAL SOLAR ECLIPSE: Here's everything you need to know

Isaac Cain
August 19, 2017

It's the first total solar eclipse visible in the U.S. but no other country since the founding of our nation in 1776.

Do not forget to keep your solar eclipse glasses on.

When viewed through eclipse glasses, the sun should appear similar to a full moon. In Manhattan, people will only be able to see a partial eclipse in which the moon covers an estimated at 98.4 percent of the sun.

Observe animals and insects around you because they will begin to act as if it is twilight.

Officials say the harsh rays of the sun on Monday can cause permanent damage to your eyes.

However, the sun's corona will only be visible to those in the path of its total eclipse. The UK will be witnessing a partial eclipse before the total solar eclipse reached the US.

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"We're monitoring plants and animals with distinct night-time behaviors as close to the totality zone as possible", Elise Ricard, senior planetarium presenter at California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco, tells Earth Island Journal. This is a great way to trick yourself into thinking that night is day. With the other half of the pizza box, tape a sheet of paper to the bottom half of the box, this will be the screen where you will project the different phases of the total solar eclipse. It is not safe to look directly at an eclipse, so some companies have been selling special glasses that will protect your eyes during the event. And on this day, they're not going to do it, either'. Although they might still want to go to bed or eat, the sudden change in the environment brought by the eclipse won't have an alarming effect on household pets as opposed to wild animals. The Riverbanks Zoo and Garden in Columbia, South Carolina will observe baboons, gorillas and sea lions, to name a few.

Kopp said he has treated many patients with eclipse burns to their eyes.

Yes, but only Class 12 and above would be safe to view the eclipse. Google "shoebox solar eclipse viewer" and you'll find YouTube videos and detailed instructions for making a pinhole projector. The state also urges people not to use eclipse glasses if they are scratched, wrinkled, or older than three years.

According to NASA, the period when the moon completely blocks the sun will be around two minutes and 40 seconds.

-The only time that you can look at the sun without a solar viewer is during a total eclipse. A 65-mile swath of darkness, the "path of totality" caused by the moon blocking all of the sun except its corona, will darken the OR coast around 10 a.m., rush at 1700 miles per hour across country, and vanish close to 3 p.m. off the coast of SC.

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